Skin Cancer – Behind the News
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Skin Cancer – Behind the News


Hi, Dracula, what are you doing? (SIGHS)
Mother, I am doing my homework. Please, leave me in peace. Why is it so dark in here? No! Oh! The sun, it burns! Mother, how many times
do I have to tell you? The sun, it turns me to dust! That’s nice, sweetie.
Now, don’t forget to do your chores. (PIPE ORGAN MUSIC PLAYS)
Argh. Unlike vampires, the sun isn’t
quite as scary for us humans, but it can still cause
some pretty nasty damage, especially if you spend
too much time outside. So, how does something
150 million kilometres away hurt us? Well, the sun gives off
an invisible type of energy called ultraviolet radiation. These UV rays are all around us
and they can penetrate our skin cells and damage them, causing sunburn, which can be really, really painful. But even after the sunburn goes away,
the damage can remain. Over time, damaged skin cells that don’t heal properly can grow in ways they’re not meant to. These lumps are called skin cancer and cells from the lumps can spread through the rest of the body through the bloodstream, which can be deadly. Even if you have darker skin
or don’t get sunburnt, just being exposed to the sun
can lead to skin cancer too. Two in three Aussies
will be diagnosed with skin cancer by the time they’re 70. And while it’s mostly adults
that get it, kids can also get skin cancer,
although it is rare. So, it’s important to keep an eye
on any spots or freckles you have in case they change. That can be an early sign of cancer,
so it’s best to get it checked out. See, I told you mother, the sun is dangerous! There is only one option,
stay inside! Plus, who needs outside
when you have all of this! No offence, Drac,
but your beach kind of sucks. There are actually plenty of ways you can protect yourself
from the sun. For example, take a look at this
famous Aussie SunSmart campaign, Slip, Slop, Slap, Seek And Slide. # Slip, slop, slap # Slip on a shirt, slop on sunscreen
and a slap on a hat! # Basically, it’s all about wearing
protective clothing, like hats, long sleeve tops and sunnies, staying in the shade whenever you can and piling on the sunscreen, which acts like a sponge
and soaks up some of the UV rays. Experts recommend making sure
your sunscreen is broad-spectrum, at least 30+ SPF and water-resistant,
so it doesn’t come off straightaway if you go for a swim
or get a bit sweaty running around. Mother,
I am going to a real beach now! What about your chores? Ah, poor Drac. But at least being sun smart
will work for humans.

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